Ethnobotanical Dictionary
Aloe

Aloe vera

It is a succulent, perennial plant native to Cape Verde and the Canary Islands. It measures between 60 and 90 cm. in height. The stem is small or non-existent. Its leaves are thick, narrow-lanceolate, 30 to 60 cm. long, with sharp teeth at the edges that form rosettes. The flowers are yellow, about 2.5 cm. long, grouped in clusters on an erect peduncle approximately 1 m. in height. Propagation occurs by sprouts that emerge from the base of the plant. It is not demanding in terms of soils, but requires good drainage. It grows best in open places, with ample exposure to sun although it also tolerates partial shade.

Applications:

Its leaves have a pulp that is used for medicinal and cosmetic purposes. Most of the plant's bioactive compounds are found in the aloe gel: vitamins A, B, C and E, calcium, magnesium, potassium, selenium, zinc and mannose phosphate, as well as amino acids and antioxidants. It works as treatment against sun burns, prevents wrinkles and speeds the healing of cuts and scars. It also reduces blood sugar levels in diabetic patients, helps treat constipation and coughs and strengthens the immune system.

Aloe vera