Ethnobotanical Dictionary
Loquat

Eriobotrya japonica

It is a tree native to Japan and central China, introduced and cultivated throughout America, from the United States to Argentina. It grows best in areas with temperate climates, and high and humid places in tropical regions between 900 to 2000 masl. and can adapt easily to various types of soil. It grows to a height of between 4 to 10 m. Flowers are white and fragrant that commonly bloom in the months of June and July. It produces round, yellow fruits, about 4 cm. diameter. Propagation occurs by seeds.

Applications:

The fruit is edible and has a pleasant taste. It also has medicinal uses. It works as a natural laxative and prevents colon cancer, helps reduce blood cholesterol levels, controls blood pressure and prevents heart attacks. Rich in vitamin A and antioxidants, the loquat strengthens the membranes and mucous membranes of the skin. Studies indicate that eating it in large quantities prevents the formation of oral and lung cancer.

Eriobotrya japonica