Ethnobotanical Dictionary
Pomegranate

Punica granatum L.

It is native to the eastern Mediterranean region and Southwest Asia. The tree is small, reaching a height of between 2 and 6 m. Its leaves are opposite, whole and simple. When young their color is reddish and as the plant matures the leaves acquire a bright green hue. Flowers are orange-reddish with individual and multiple petals. Its fruits are reddish-yellow or red, more or less spherical from 6 to 10 cm. in diameter. Propagation occurs by seeds. Growth is slow and its root system is deep. They resistant very dry climates well and have a long life.

Applications:

The fruit is edible. The vitamin C and flavonoids it contains help prevent cardiovascular disease, aging and some types of cancer. Its low sodium content makes it desirable for patients with high blood pressure and fluid retention. It help lose weight because of its low caloric content. The shell and white bark of the pomegranate have astringent and anti-inflammatory properties used to reduce digestive tract mucus.

Punica granatum L.