Ethnobotanical Dictionary
Elderberry

Sambucus nigra

It is a bush native to the northern hemisphere, America and Eurasia included, which usually grows 4 and 6 m. in height. The trunk is curved, bent and hollow with thick branches. The flowers are white, made up of 5 serrated petals, grouped into inflorescences 10 to 25 cm. in diameter. The fruit is a shiny black berry 6 mm. wide. Propagation occurs by seeds or cuttings. It adapts to a variety of soils, as long as the roots can grow deep. It requires humid, cool conditions and abundant rainfall.

Applications:

The flowers and fruits are used for medicinal purposes. They act as a diuretic, improve intestinal transit, strengthen the immune system, and fight cold and flu viruses. Additionally, the berry is edible, used in brandy jams and wines.

Sambucus nigra